Report by the Australian Network of Environmental Defender's Offices, 2012
Nine national reforms to protect communities, food security, health, water, climate and biodiversity from the impacts of unsustainable coal and unconventional gas mining in Australia:Read more
The National Water Commission has stated that coal seam gas mining risks having 'significant, long-term and adverse impacts' on water resources, including from depressurisation and contamination of aquifers. Longwall coal mining in the Sydney drinking water catchment has been found to have caused subsidence, cracking and draining of rivers, cliff falls, draining of swamps, and iron oxide pollution. Open-cut mining dewaters aquifers, and often leaves damaging final voids that drain aquifers for centuries.Read more
What is coal seam gas mining?
Coal seam gas (CSG) mining is an invasive form of unconventional gas mining. It usually involves tens of thousands of gas wells, with roads, pipelines, compressor stations, wastewater dams, and other infrastructure. A CSG project can spread across hundreds of thousands of hectares of land.
What is the difference between conventional and unconventional gas?
The difference between conventional and unconventional gas is the geology of the reservoirs from which they are extracted and which therefore require different extraction techniques to obtain commercial quantities of gas. Conventional gas is usually found in relatively large permeable rock reservoirs. In a conventional gas deposit, once drilled, the gas can usually be extracted relatively easily via vertical wells. Conventional gas has been safely extracted in Australia for decades.Read more
Coal is an unsustainable fossil fuel. Australia is one of the world's largest producers and exporters of coal.This also makes Australia responsible for a significant portion of the world's greenhouse gas emissions which contribute to climate change.
Despite the threat that coal mining poses to our climate, waterways and productive farming land, coal exports are set to double by 2021.Read more
Lock the Gate Pamphlet: This pamphlet gives and overview of the Lock the gate movement and outlines the issues surrounding inappropriate coal and gas mining in Australia.
Call to Country Pamphlet: This is our call to country- launched in March 2013 and outlines the threats to our country from coal and unconventional gas mining and the actions we are calling on our federal government to take to protect our land, water and communities.Read more
Further detailed information collated from peer reviewed research into the environmental and health risks from fracking and unconventional gas operations can be found in these reports:Read more